Foundation Stage Curriculum

 “Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its own right. Good parenting and high quality early learning together provide the foundation children need to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.”

Early Years framework 2012


The EYFS Framework

There are four overarching principles that shape our practice.  These are:

• Every child is a unique child, who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured;

• Children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships;

• Children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to their individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners and parents and/or carers; and

• Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates.


The curriculum is organised into seven areas of learning and development:

All areas of learning and development are important and inter-connected. Three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. These three areas, the prime areas, are:

  • Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.
  • Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.
  • Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.
  • Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.
  • Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.
  • Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
  • Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.


    The Value of Play

    Each area of learning and development must be implemented through planned, purposeful play and through a mix of adult-led and child-initiated activity. Play is essential for children’s development, building their confidence as they learn to explore, to think about problems, and relate to others. Children learn by leading their own play, and by taking part in play which is guided by adults.

    We continue to reflect on children’s learning by taking into account three Characteristics of effective learning

    Playing and exploring - children investigate and experience things, and ‘have a go’;

    Active learning - children concentrate and keep on trying if they encounter difficulties, and enjoy achievements; and

    Creating and thinking critically - children have and develop their own ideas, make links between ideas, and develop strategies for doing things.


    What sort of things will children learn during the Foundation Stage?

    In the Prime Areas children will learn to:-

  • Share, take turns and develop respect for each other.
  • Make friends and become confident independent learners.
  • Behave appropriately when playing with others.
  • Listen to others and understand spoken language.
  • Learn new words rapidly and use them in conversations.
  • Join in conversations with adults and children.
  • Develop control of their bodies using both large scale movements such as running and jumping, and small scale movements such as holding pencils and using scissors.


    In the Specific Areas:-

    Enjoy sharing books and stories with adults and friends.

    Draw, make marks, write letters and words.

    Count accurately groups of objects and recognise numerals.

    Add, subtract and problem solve during practical activities.

    Use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, distance, time and money.

    Look closely at how things work, why things happen, living things and the natural world.

    Use ICT equipment, e.g. programmable toys and computers.

    Be imaginative, sing songs, dance and create fantastic models, drawings and paintings.



As Early Years Foundation Stage is a separate key stage and has its own curriculum, expectations and assessment procedures, we follow, over the time your child is with us our own curriculum which is guided and underpinned by Development Matters – a document which supports learning and assessment in Early Year

As an Early Years Foundation Stage, we learn through the reading of a quality text, which all aspects of learning are then derived from.  As well as the quality text which is shared with the children, we also take into account the children’s interests and plan for these accordingly.

Each text taught begins with an exciting wow event or hook! This is something which excites the children and provides an opening into the text.

As the weeks progress, children will be introduced to the text in a variety of ways and a variety of learning activities will take place.  These activities will allow children to develop a variety of skills and enable them to become active, independent learners.

Children will learn to question, hypothesise, find out information for themselves and work both collaboratively and independently through the text taught.


Parental involvement

We encourage you to be involved with this curriculum and ask you to help us with your child’s Learning Journey during your time with us.

Our Vision

At St Mary’s we follow in the footsteps of Jesus by creating a welcoming ethos, valuing each child and their family no matter what ethnicity or background.

Our children take responsibility for each other especially those less able or with SEN through the respectful and inclusive culture that we have established in our setting.

Our EYFS learning environments both indoor and outdoor provide a high level of support and challenge for the learning and development needs of all the children attending our setting.

The positive impact of the enabling environment ensures all children are eager to learn and share their learning with others.

Our children learn independently and collaboratively and are encouraged to preserve to resolve problems they encounter.

Developing partnerships to engage families in children’s learning and supporting them to create a home learning environment by welcoming and ensuring parents/ carers and children feel valued as part of our school community.

Ensuring high quality holistic provision makes our EYFS a welcoming, secure, fun and exciting place for all families and children in our school community.